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Standard Test Methods for Tension Testing of Metallic Materials
Published by ASTM International, May 1, 2022
ASTM E8/E8M, 2022 Edition, May 1, 2022 – Standard Test Methods for Tension Testing of Metallic Materials
Significance and Use
4.1 Tension tests provide information on the strength and ductility of materials under uniaxial tensile stresses. This information may be useful in comparisons of materials, alloy development, quality control, and design under certain circumstances.
4.2 The results of tension tests of specimens machined to standardized dimensions from selected portions of a part or material may not totally represent the strength and ductility properties of the entire end product or its in-service behavior in different environments.
4.3 These test methods are considered satisfactory for acceptance testing of commercial shipments. The test methods have been used extensively in the trade for this purpose.
1.1 These test methods cover the tension testing of metallic materials in any form at room temperature, specifically, the methods of determination of yield strength, yield point elongation, tensile strength, elongation, and reduction of area.
1.2 The gauge lengths for most round specimens are required to be 4D for E8 and 5D for E8M. The gauge length is the most significant difference between E8 and E8M test specimens. Test specimens made from powder metallurgy (P/M) materials are exempt from this requirement by industry-wide agreement to keep the pressing of the material to a specific projected area and density.
1.3 Exceptions to the provisions of these test methods may need to be made in individual specifications or test methods for a particular material. For examples, see Test Methods and Definitions A370 and Test Methods B557, and B557M.
1.4 Room temperature shall be considered to be 10 °C to 38 °C [50 °F to 100°F] unless otherwise specified.
1.5 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as separate from inch/pound units. The values stated in each system are not exact equivalents; therefore each system must be used independently of the other. Combining values from the two systems may result in non-conformance with the standard.
1.6 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
1.7 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.
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03.01: Metals – Mechanical Testing; Elevated And Low-temperature Tests; Metallography
Volume 03.01 covers tests and practices for mechanical testing procedures, including: machine calibration, bend and flexure testing, compression, ductility, formability, elastic properties, impact, linear thermal expansion, shear, torsion, residual stress, tension testing, structural films for MEMS, and electronic applications. Other standards cover fatigue and fracture testing of materials, including crack tip opening displacement (CTOD), fracture toughness measurement, and linear elastic plane-strain fracture toughness of metallic materials. Also featured are metallography tests and practices that define standard optical, electron, and X-ray procedures for determining the constituents and structure of metals and alloys.